This post was written with the desire to explore in detail the basic structure of the United Nations, what each branch does, and the power each branch holds.
Spoken in 1995 at the UN convention for Global Governance
“the UN must gear itself for a time when regionalism becomes more ascendant worldwide and assist the process in advance of that time” “regional cooperation and integration should be seen as an important and integral part of a balanced system of global governance”
The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the United Nations. Composed of all United Nations member states, the assembly meets in regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the member states.
•The first session was convened on 10 January 1946 in the Westminster Central Hall in London and included representatives of 51 nations.
•When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds majority of those present and voting is required.
•All other questions are decided by majority vote. Each member country has one vote.
The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, except matters of peace and security that are under Security Council consideration.
The United Nations Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide.
•It provides studies, information, and facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their meetings.
•The Charter provides that the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any authority other than the UN.
•The Secretary-General alone is responsible for staff selection.
•The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter that, in his or her opinion, may threaten international peace and
The Secretary-General’s duties include:
helping resolve international disputes,
administering peacekeeping operations,
organizing international conferences,
gathering information on the implementation of Security Council decisions, and consulting with member governments regarding various initiatives
Economic & Social Council:
It is the principal organ for coordinating the economic and social work of the UN system.
•ECOSOC has 54 members, all of which are elected by the General Assembly for a three-year term.
•Retiring members are eligible for re-election. Usually the council holds two sessions a year, but it can meet as often as necessary.
Functions and powers:
to make policies on global economic, cultural, social and educational issues.
To make recommendations on international economic, social, cultural, educational , health and related matters.
To promote respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
To prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly on matters within its scope.
consulting with member governments regarding various initiatives
The Security Council:
The Security Council is the Power Behind the United Nations, it is the attribute of the UN that has teeth to back up the resolutions and treaties. IN fact, The Security Council is the only segment of the UN that wields forceful power, and few people seem to understand how much power it actually has.
The Security Council states “that the council’s ultimate goal is maintaining peace and security among countries.”
Facts about the Security Council:
• The UN Charter clothes the Security Council with both legislative and executive authority
•While other organs of the United Nations can only make ‘recommendations’ to member governments, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions that member governments have agreed to carry out, under the terms of Charter Article 25.
•The decisions of the Council are known as United Nations Security Council resolutions.
The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members–China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States–and 10 non-permanent members, currently: Azerbaijan, India, South Africa, Colombia, Morocco, Togo, Germany, Pakistan, Guatemala and Portugal.
•The five permanent members hold veto power.
•The ten temporary seats are held for two-year terms with member states voted in by the General Assembly on a regional basis.
•Decisions on important matters require nine affirmative votes including the affirmative votes of all 5 permanent members. A negative vote by any is a veto of policy.
• What many do not know about the UN Security Council is that if a nation fails to abide by a UN Resolution the Security Council has the authority to use all measures, including unlimited war, to enforce the will of the United Nations.
Articles 41 and 42 of the Charter illustrate these powers very plainly:
“ The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means. Of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
Should the Security Council consider that [such] measures… would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.“
According to the UN Charter, the UN holds— final authority over all international disputes as well as any domestic problems that it decides are “threats to the peace,” “breaches of the peace,” or “acts of aggression.”
The Security Council has the right to enforce resolutions through any means needed. Including declarations of war.
The Security Council is empowered not only to wage war against aggressors, but also, in conjunction with the rest of the UN organization, to dictate to member states the course of peaceful relations among them. The Council, by the terms of Chapter 8 of the UN Charter, has final authority over all regional security arrangements, such as NATO. The United Nations as a whole also has ultimate authority over all treaties entered into by member states.
Articles 102 and 103 of the UN Charter
Chapter 16 of the UN Charter stipulate that “every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published with it…. In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.”
The Security Council is also the seat of final appeal for judgments rendered by the UN’s International Court of Justice (more commonly known as the World Court).
According to Chapter 14 of the Charter:
“Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to compel with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party. If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment. “
In conclusion: The Security Council has a terrifying array of powers, on paper at least: the power to wage unlimited war; the power to impose total trade embargos and sanctions; and the power to act as a court of last appeal regarding disputes between member states. But even more importantly, it has the power to define offenses and to set rules arbitrarily. It is to become, very literally, an international judge, jury, and executioner.
“It Does Not Just Enforce the Law….The UN is the Law”~John Foster Dulles
As John Foster Dulles bluntly put it: The Security Council is not a body that merely enforces agreed law. It is a law unto itself:
- If it considers any situation as a threat to the peace, it may decide what measures shall be taken.
- No principles of law are laid down to guide it; it can decide in accordance with what it thinks is expedient.
- The UN Charter was also designed to permit the United Nations as a whole to accumulate powers far beyond those mentioned explicitly, as Dulles clearly understood.
- In addition to the unlimited grant of power to the Security Council, the Charter also grants the United Nations unlimited legal authority — that is, absolute power — wherever and however it chooses to carry out its objectives.
Thus, according to the deceptively bland language in Chapter 16, Article 104:
“The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes.”
A word about the World Court:
I intend to cover the World Court and the Rome Statute in detail in a later post, however, it is worth noting the courts significance as an attribute of the UN.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ), is located in The Hague Netherlands.
•It consists of 15 judges elected by the Security Council and General Assembly, each voting independently.
•Each judge has to be from a different country. No two judges can belong to the same country.
•They are elected for a term of 9 years and may be re-elected
*** Its stated purpose is to adjudicate disputes among states. The court hears cases related to war crimes, illegal state interference. [ this is the official description]. However, the Rome Statute gives the court actual power over individuals
•The court performs an important function by giving advisory opinion on legal matters referred to it by the General Assembly or Security Council. ~ This shows how different attributes of the UN can execute power by using the Security Council as a pathway to implementation for desird political goals.
Do the Powers that Be desire a “World Government”?
I would argue that yes, some very powerful people do seek a global government system. Simply put, the implementation of a world government would allow for the global elites to rule seamlessly with ultimate and unquestioned power.
In the spirit of fairness and objectivity, it is important to point out that many of those who seek this system do so because from their perception it would be the best outcome for the most people. However, the creation of a single world government would be devastating for every sovereign country and citizen in the world. Loss of national sovereignty under any global regime will reduce the individual nation states dependent fiefdom, unable to exercise authority independently in military, legal, judicial, financial, or social affairs. In this type of world……Individually, we would all become “global citizens” under the final authority of a global government.
In my opinion those who argue for this globally connected and controlled world do so with dishonest propaganda. Quite frankly, The UN is also promoted by misleading and even deliberately deceptive language, and is based on false and dangerous principles .
Don’t take my word for it….listen to what they tell you in their own words:
“ the union is the vanguard of this changing world, it indicates a future of princes without sovereignty….the new entity is faceless and those who are in command can neither be pinned down nor elected. …that is the way Europe was made too: by creating communitarian organisms without giving the organisms presided over by national governments the impression that they were being subjected to a higher power…I don’t think it is a good idea to replace this slow and effective method- which keeps national states free from anxiety while they are being stripped of power- with great institutional leaps. Therefore I prefer to go slowly to crumble pieces of sovereignty little by little avoiding brusque transitions from national to ( EU) Federal Power. “
2000: ( July, 13) [Cited Italian newspaper “The Paper La Stampa”] Giiliano Amato outlined the strategy of deception (article in the paper La Stampa)